Efficient visualization of urban spaces
Institute of Environmental Quality, 290 Rutledge Street, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
This chapter presents a new method for calculating efficiency and applies that method to the issues of selecting simulation media and evaluating the contextual fit of new buildings in urban spaces. The new method is called “meta-analysis”. A meta-analytic review of 967 environments indicated that static color simulations are the most efficient media for visualizing urban spaces. For contextual fit, four original experiments are reported on how strongly five factors influence visual appeal of a street: architectural style, trees, height of a new building relative to the heights of existing buildings, setting back a third story, and distance. A meta-analysis of these four experiments and previous findings, covering 461 environments, indicated that architectural style, trees, and height had effects strong enough to warrant implementation, but the effects of setting back third stories and distance were too small to warrant implementation.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012
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